Simple Family Relationship Chart for Naming Kinfolk

Artwork Juliann Law|CC

Family trees can be frustrating. Check out our easy-to-follow Family Relationship Chart, and you’ll understand all your kinfolk and cousin relationships (and even those darling Grand Aunts), without the need for a complicated Table of Consanguinity! What’s that anyway?

Genealogy classifies family relationships based on generation, and following consanguinity (a big word that means direct descendants — biological child relationships) and immediate affinal (in-law) relationships.

A direct descendent can trace their lineage by child relationships all the way back to a specific ancestor.  When you share an ancestor, you are related by blood to another person.

Use Our Family Tree Chart to Find Your Kin!


Click here for a pdf printable of Family Relationship Chart.

Tips for Understanding the Family Relationship Chart:

  • COUSINS are all shown in orange.
    • FIRST COUSINS: Share the same grandparents
    • SECOND COUSINS: Share the same great-grandparents
    • THIRD COUSINS: Share the same great-great-grandparents
    • FIRST COUSINS ONCE REMOVED: Separated by one generation from a first cousin
    • FIRST COUSINS TWICE REMOVED: Separated by two generations from a first cousin
  • NON-REMOVED cousins are all on the same generational level
  • REMOVED cousins can be ascendant or descendant
    • ASCENDANT cousins are on earlier generational levels
    • DESCENDANT cousins are on later generational levels

When you share an ancestor, you are related by blood to another person.

How Do you Define Cousins By Generational Levels?

A cousin is a child of one’s aunt or uncle, with your distant cousins being the descendants of your Grand Aunts and Grand Uncles.

  • An ascendant cousin is an earlier generation than yourself.
  • A descendant cousin is a later generation to you.

This gets confusing because you actually have multiple sets of removed cousins with the same name designation!

A 1st Cousin Once-Removed indicates a generation higher OR lower than yourself. Therefore, your descendant 1st cousin once-removed is the child of your first cousin, while your ascendant 1st cousin once-removed is the parent of your second cousin!

Tip to Remember:  Removed simply means separated by a generational level, while your first/second/third cousins are all at the same generational level as you!

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